Ard Al-Sawad, which can be translated as either the dark or the fertile land,
is the name the Arabs gave to Iraq when they conquered the country in
651 A.D. It is said that the name comes from the fact that it was dusk when
the Arab armies first arrived, and thus their first glimpse of the land was
coloured by the shadows of the thousands of palm trees that they saw.
A different account has it that the name is derived from the famous
fertility of the Iraqi soil.
1. Ard Al-Sawaad
2. Baghdad Kama Ohebboha
4. Share'a Al-Rasheed
5. Baïn Al-Rasafah Wal Al-Karkh
6. Saleema Muraad
7. Al-a'raq a'la Maqam Wahed